Moses fasted on it due to gratitude, so we also fast on it.” The Prophet said:The day of Ashura corresponds to Yom Kippur in Judaism. This month is the first of the Hijri calendar and one of the four traditionally sacred months.Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:أَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ بَعْدَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ صِيَامُ شَهْرِ اللَّهِ الْمُحَرَّمِThe most important day to fast in Al-Muharram is the day of Ashura, as the Prophet (ṣ) was keen to fast this day as much as he was to fast in Ramadan.‘Ubaydallah reported: Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:مَا رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ يَوْمٍ فَضَّلَهُ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ إِلَّا هَذَا الْيَوْمَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَهَذَا الشَّهْرَ يَعْنِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَI did not see the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as eager to fast a day and preferring it over others except for this day of Ashura and this month of Ramadan.The day of Ashura is distinguished in Al-Muharram as the day Allah saved Moses, upon him be peace, and the Israelites from Pharaoh, when Allah miraculously parted the sea for them and drowned the pursuing army.Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, came to Medina and he found the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. Fasting on ‘Ashura’ even if it is a Saturday or a Friday At-Tahawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) allowed us to fast on ‘Ashura’ and urged us to do so. Muharram 2019 India: The word 'Muharram' means forbidden and sinful. Fasting on the tenth day of Muharram, called Ashura, is particularly important, as it supposed to lead to great rewards. Muharram Fasting . Thus, one is recommended to fast both the ninth and tenth of Al-Muharram.Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:لَئِنْ بَقِيتُ إِلَى قَابِلٍ لَأَصُومَنَّ التَّاسِعَ يعنى من الْمُحَرَّمِAl-Hakam ibn al-A’raj reported: I went to Ibn Abbas and I said, “Tell me about fasting the day of Ashura.” Ibn Abbas said:إِذَا رَأَيْتَ هِلاَلَ الْمُحَرَّمِ فَاعْدُدْ وَأَصْبِحْ يَوْمَ التَّاسِعِ صَائِمًاWhen you see the crescent of the month of al-Muharram, count the days and wake up to fast on the ninth day.I said, “Is this how the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, fasted it?” Ibn Abbas said:قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَصْحَابُهُ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ وَآخَرُونَ يُسْتَحَبُّ صَوْمُ التَّاسِعِ وَالْعَاشِرِ جَمِيعًا لِأَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَامَ الْعَاشِرَ وَنَوَى صِيَامَ التَّاسِعِAl-Shafi’i and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaq, and others said it is recommended to fast the ninth and tenth of al-Muharram together, as the Prophet (ṣ) fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.Source: Sharḥ al-Nawawī ‘alá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1133وَرُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ صُومُوا التَّاسِعَ وَالْعَاشِرَ وَخَالِفُوا الْيَهُودَ وَبِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُIt is reported from Ibn Abbas that he said to fast on the ninth and tenth of the month and to do so differently from the Jews, and this tradition is the same as was said by Al-Shafi’i, Ahmad, and Ishaq.Some scholars also included the eleventh day of Al-Muharram, so in their view it is recommended to fast three days on the ninth, tenth, and eleventh.فَصِيَامُ عَاشُورَاءَ عَلَى ثَلَاثِ مَرَاتِبَ أَدْنَاهَا أَنْ يُصَامَ وَحْدَهُ وَفَوْقَهُ أَنْ يُصَامَ التَّاسِعُ مَعَهُ وَفَوْقَهُ أَنْ يُصَامَ التَّاسِعُ وَالْحَادِي عَشَرَ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُThe fast of Ashura has three levels: the lowest is to fast one day, the next is to fast the ninth day along with it, and the next is to fast the ninth, tenth, and eleventh days.
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