Under these circumstances, Mr President, I join in urging you to take immediate and appropriate steps including the use of Federal marshals and troops if necessary, so that the full exercise of constitutional rights including free assembly and free speech be fully protected.Bevel, King, Nash, and others began organizing a second march to be held on Tuesday, March 9, 1965. It was a victory like none other. All day as the march approached the city, additional marchers were ferried by bus and car to join the line. I know you are asking today, How long will it take? And we shall overcome.Many in the Civil Rights Movement cheered the speech and were emotionally moved that after so long, and so hard a struggle, a President was finally willing to defend voting rights for blacks. In a historic presentation carried nationally on live television, making use of the largest media network, Johnson praised the courage of African-American activists. It was an affirmation of the movement.Many others in the movement remained skeptical of the White House, believing that Johnson was culpable for having allowed violence against the movement in the early months of the campaign and was not a reliable supporter. Following the death of James Reeb, a memorial service was held at the Brown's Chapel AME Church on March 15.With the second march turned and its organizers awaiting a judicial order to safely proceed, On March 15 and 16, SNCC led several hundred demonstrators, including Alabama students, Northern students, and local adults, in protests near the capitol complex. In 1961, the population of Dallas County was 57% black, but … In most Alabama counties, for example, registration continued to be limited to two days per month.In the summer of 1965, a well-funded SCLC decided to join SNCC and CORE in massive on-the-ground voter registration programs in the South. President Johnson called Reeb's widow and father to express his condolences (he would later invoke Reeb's memory when he delivered a draft of the Voting Rights Act to Congress).Blacks in Dallas County and the Black Belt mourned the death of Reeb, as they had earlier mourned the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson. SCLC was less concerned with Dallas County's immediate registration figures, and primarily focused on creating a public crisis that would make a voting rights bill the White House's number one priority. Katzenbach did concentrate examiners and observers in Selma for the "high-visibility" election between incumbent County Sheriff Jim Clark and Wilson Baker, who had earned the grudging respect of many local residents and activists.Overall, the Justice Department assigned registrars to six of Alabama's 24 Black Belt counties during the late 1960s, and to fewer than one-fifth of all the Southern counties covered by the Act.In 1960, there were a total of 53,336 black voters registered in the state of Alabama; three decades later, there were 537,285,Since 1965, many marches have commemorated the events of Bloody Sunday, usually held on or around the anniversary of the original event, and currently known as the Selma Bridge Crossing Jubilee.On the 40th anniversary of Bloody Sunday, over 10,000 people, including Lewis, again marched across Edmund Pettus Bridge.In March 2015, on the 50th anniversary of Bloody Sunday, U.S. President After John Lewis died in July 2020, he managed to cross the bridge one last time when his casket, which was carried by a horse-drawn caisson, crossed along the same route he walked during the Montgomery was one of four state capitals chosen for a Greening Americas Capitals Grant, a project of the Partnership for Sustainable Communities between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the U.S. Department of Transportation. Sheriff Clark responded by arresting organizers, including Up to this point, the overwhelming majority of registrants and marchers were sharecroppers, blue-collar workers, and students. Gaining more widespread support from other civil rights organizations in the area, this third march was considered an overall success, with greater degree of influence on the public. John Lewis, the lion of the civil rights movement with a long and celebrated career in Congress, has died.
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