The North West and Eastern Cape provinces suffer the worst unemployment – 46.6% and 46.5% respectively – while the urban provinces of Gauteng and the Western Cape are the only two in which unemployment is below 40%.Continued gender disparities are also mirrored in the figures: 43.5% of women are out of a job while 35% of men are unemployed.These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.For all the latest information and advice from the Department of Health relating to Covid-19, please visit All material © Mail & Guardian Online. An extra 3.5-million unemployed people must be accounted for. Somewhat surprisingly, South Africa's unemployment rate did not climb further in the fourth quarter of 2019. The expanded unemployment figure includes those people as well as anybody who is out of a job and wants a job, and is By the official count, 6.7-million people are unemployed in South Africa, which is 29% of everybody who could be working. The data shows 17 000 more people have died than usual since May, but only 6 000 deaths have officially been attributed to Covid-19
Posel said that “the chance of finding work is very low in South Africa, and the costs of looking for work are high… By excluding the non-searching unemployed, we obviously underestimate the extent of joblessness in South Africa.”Because StatsSA publish results of the survey four times every year, attention is paid to the quarterly changes in unemployment. He writes about cities, farmwork and popular politics in rural areas. Staff Writer 23 June 2020. The national statistics service’s definition of unemployment is consistent with International Labour Organisation (ILO) logic that unemployed people who don’t look for work are not intent on finding it.Economists like Dori Posel from the University of the Witwatersrand’s school of economic and business sciences have pointed out that the ILO includes provisions for countries like South Africa to relax their definitions of unemployment.Posel is among those who have suggested that people who are not looking for work, but say they want a job, should be counted as unemployed.Building on work done in the mid-2000s, Neil Lloyd and Murray Leibbrandt from the Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit have sought to establish if people who are not looking for work have chosen not to work.When data from the National Income Dynamics Study panel survey confirmed that people who are not looking for work are considerably less satisfied with their lives, Lloyd and Leibbrandt concluded that they “are involuntarily unemployed and should be seen and counted as being unemployed”.“This serves as a sobering caution to those who blithely speculate that South African unemployment cannot be as bad as it is made out to be,” according to Lloyd and Leibbrandt.At 38.5%, South Africa’s unemployment crisis is considerably deeper in light of this expanded definition.
Rising debt, bloated structures and inefficiency make South Africa’s state-owned enterprises an urgent threat to the ailing economy Increases in employment were recorded in the trade (71,000), private households (30,000) and mining (6,000) industries.Compared to the same period last year, a net increase of 91,000 in total employment in Q1: 2020 was largely due to gains in the number of people employed in the Community and social services (185,000), agriculture (27,000), mining (18,000), and private households (15,000) industries.Employment losses were recorded in the manufacturing (74,000), utilities (34,000), transport (30,000) and trade (25,000) industries during the same period.While the latest unemployment data shows the country worse off than at the end of 2019, things are expected to get much worse.The QLFS represents labour force data to March 2020, the period before the nationwide coronavirus lockdown came into effect.The lockdown, which shut down large parts of the economy for five weeks, and continues to keep smaller sectors locked down even today, is expected to have an extremely negative impact on jobs in the country.The president said that the economy is now ‘in the throes of the anticipated fallout from this global crisis’ and that the predictions of businesses shutting down and jobs being lost are materialising.“Last week, a number of companies announced plans to retrench staff.
By the expanded definition, more than 10 million people are unemployed, or 38.5% of people who could be working.Unemployment seems to be a straightforward conversation about whether or not people have work.
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