In the first half of the century there were still around three million people for whom Irish was the primary language, and their numbers alone made them a cultural and social force. Irish (Standard Irish: Gaeilge) is a Goidelic language of the Celtic language family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. This represents 39.8 per cent of respondents compared with 41.4 in 2011... Of the 73,803 daily Irish speakers (outside the education system), 20,586 (27.9%) lived in Gaeltacht areas.In 1996, the 3 electoral divisions in the State where Irish has the most daily speakers were An Turloch (91%+),Scainimh (89%+), Min an Chladaigh (88%+).Roughly speaking, the three major dialect areas which survive coincide roughly with the provinces of Munster Irish is the dialect spoken in the Gaeltacht areas of the three counties Historically, Connacht Irish represents the westernmost remnant of a dialect area which once stretched from east to west across the centre of Ireland. Irish was not marginal to Ireland's modernisation in the 19th century, as often assumed. There may well be parallels with either American or British English. Census data shows that 4,130 people speak it at home. With time it appears that the forms of the dative case took over the other case endings in the plural (a tendency found to a lesser extent in other dialects). Irish originated in Ireland and was historically and still is spoken by Irish people throughout Ireland. It typically placed the stress on the first syllable of a word, and showed a preference (found in placenames) for the pronunciation Early evidence regarding colloquial Irish in east Leinster is found in With the strengthening of English cultural and political control, language change began to occur, but this did not become clearly evident until the 18th century. Even then, in the decennial period 1771–81, the percentage of Irish speakers in Meath was at least 41%.
The parallels are listed and remarked upon below. However, these would appear to be coincidental and for each parallel which may be found, there are internal reasons within the existing varieties of Irish English which can account adequately for their occurrence. By 1851 this had fallen to less than 3%.English expanded strongly in Leinster in the 18th century, but Irish speakers were still numerous. Other forms of the name found in the various modern Irish dialects (in addition to south Connacht "Irish" is sometimes erroneously referred to as "Gaelic." In the decennial period 1771–81 certain counties had estimated percentages of Irish speakers as follows (though the estimates are likely to be too low):The language saw its most rapid initial decline in Laois, Wexford, Wicklow, County Dublin and perhaps Kildare. For example, in standard Irish, "Gaoidhealg" redirects here. 40, No. In 1657 it was found necessary to have an Oath of Abjuration (rejecting the authority of the Pope) read in Irish in Irish was sufficiently strong in early 18th century Dublin to be the language of a coterie of poets and scribes led by Seán and Tadhg Ó Neachtain, both poets of note.In other urban centres the descendants of medieval Anglo-Norman settlers, the so-called The demise of native cultural institutions in the seventeenth century saw the social prestige of Irish diminish, and the gradual Anglicisation of the middle classes followed.The 19th century saw a reduction in the number of Dublin's Irish speakers, in keeping with the trend elsewhere.
Indeed I would doubt that either form of English has had or has any significant influence on Irish English, north or south.
279 and 284.Fitzgerald, Garrett, ‘Estimates for baronies of minimal level of Irish-speaking amongst successive decennial cohorts, 117-1781 to 1861-1871,’ Volume 84, Ó Conluain & Ó Céileachair 1976, pp. In County Dublin itself the general rule was to place the stress on the initial vowel of words.
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