Taking the lead from Parks’ actions, community leaders formed the Montgomery Improvement Association, which they felt could utilise the momentum of the outrage at the unfair laws to create real social change for black Americans. The success of the boycott on December 5, and the excitement on the mass meeting on the evening of that day, removed any doubt about the strong motivation to continue the boycott. What the ministers failed to do at that meeting was to select one person who would head the boycott. In February 1956 Montgomery officials indicted 89 boycott leaders, including King, for violating Alabama’s 1921 anti-boycott law. Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery story. asked Jul 17, 2016 in History by Purplex. Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.
David J. Garrow, 1987, Ch. "At a meeting that evening attended by several thousand community members, the MIA was established to oversee the continuation and maintenance of the boycott, and King, a young minister new to Montgomery, was elected its chairman president. Enjoy our search engine "Clutch." Robinson prepared a series of leaflets at Alabama State College and organized groups to distribute them throughout the black community. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Parks was ideal for the role assigned to her by history,” and because “her character was impeccable and her dedication deep-rooted” she was “one of the most respected people in the Negro community” (King, 44). After the city began to penalize black taxi drivers for aiding the boycotters, the MIA organized a carpool. Categories As King put it, "[t]he question of calling off the protest was now academic. Under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., the MIA was instrumental in guiding the The MIA’s earliest officers were: Martin Luther King, Jr., president; L. Roy Bennett, first vice president (later replaced by Ralph D. Following the MIA’s initial meeting, the executive committee drafted the demands of the boycott and agreed that the campaign would continue until these demands were met: courteous treatment by bus operators; first-come, first-served seating; and employment of Negro bus drivers. When fundraising allowed for a paid staff position, Reverend R. J. Glasco was appointed King’s executive secretary. Neither arrest, however, mobilized Montgomery’s black community like that of Rosa Parks later that year.King recalled in his memoir that “Mrs. 1993.
Robinson and the WPC responded to Parks’ arrest by calling for a one-day protest of the city’s buses on 5 December 1955. Women such as Robinson, Johnnie National coverage of the boycott and King’s trial resulted in support from people outside Montgomery. We made it much easier for you to find exactly what you're looking for on Sciemce.
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